How to recruit and retain health workers in rural and remote areas in developing countries
Worldwide the geographical distribution of health workers is skewed towards urban and wealthier areas. The geographical imbalances in the health workforce further exacerbate inequities in the health sector, as the services are not available where needs are higher and impact greater.
This paper has a two-fold objective:
- to give the reader an overview of the magnitude of unequal health workforce distribution in the developing countries, provide a summary of the evidence to date on the factors that contribute to these imbalances, and present a systematic set of policy interventions that are being implemented around the world to address the problem of recruitment and retention of health workers in rural and remote regions of the developing countries
- to introduce the reader to the potential application of the Discrete Choice Experiments (DCEs) approach to elicit health workers’ preferences and determine the factors likely to increase their probability of taking up a rural or remote job.
Authors: Edson Araujo and Akiko Maeda
Publisher: World Bank